September 22, 2016

Migrate/Upgrade from 6.X to DXP (Liferay 7) : Portlet Upgrade to module

Image result for stay tune

Migrate/Upgrade from 6.X to DXP (Liferay 7) : DB Upgrade

Image result for Liferay upgradeAs you know Liferay is moved to DXP version now and all existing Liferay customer will migrate or upgrade to newer version of DXP.


Here in these series of  blogs, you will see all step by step guide which will help you to follow all the necessary steps for the migration to DXP.

As a part of migration/up-gradation, Database comes first everywhere which you must require to migrate to make it compatible with new version.

Here we will only talk about migration from 6.X to DXP as we will not consider the older version like 5.X.


September 20, 2016

Liferay DXP Setup



Image result for Liferay DXP
Follow below steps to setup local Liferay DXP :

Below Tools and software are required to setup Liferay DXP in local machine  :
A.    JDK-8
B.    JPM
C.    Blade
D.    Liferay DXP (Tomcat bundle)
E.    Liferay Plugin-SDK


August 16, 2016

Know Module And Component

The main reason for LIFERAY to move into module framework is,

  • Creating small modules (Tightly coupled)
  • Publish and consume other modules features (Inflexible)
  • Working without static dependencies (Dynamic dependencies)
To use module framework,
You mainly need to understand below 3 concepts :
  1. Modules
  2. Components
  3. Application Lifecycle 






Module:

Module is something which is group of Java classes, other optional resources, and a MANIFEST.MF file, packaged together as into a  single JAR file. Liferay 7 uses three modules/bundles.
Modules can have multiple components.

Component:

Component is nothing but implementation of interface like the way we were doing with *LocalServiceImpl class in older fashion. So here what you need to do is, you just will have to load components through annotations in implementation class.These loaded/declared components would be part of modules.

Here Lifecycle of modules and component will be handled through Liferay's OSGi based module framework.

What is OSGi ?

OSGi :  Open Service Gateway Initiative

OSGi is architecture to develop and deploy a modules in modular (Some times refers as Micro Services) application.
OSGi containers such as knopflerfish, Equinox and Apache Felix are responsible to divide and load your modules dependencies.

OSGi Specifications:
=> Set of services that OSGi container implements
=> Contract between your application and container

Benefits to use OSGi:

  • Easier to manage dependencies across module or plugin level
  • And the most interesting feature is,Modules can be installed and uninstalled during running server itself and no need to bounce the server.
  • module versionoing will helpful developers to reduce/stop class conflict for individual version of modules
  • Deployment would be quit easy once you understand the build and deployment process through blade tool
  • Service contract are loosely coupled. It means, services can be publish and consume from service registry.
  • Its very fast due to small and secure with small package/bundle.
  • One more interesting stuff here is, during development you dont need to be dependent on Liferay SDK untill and unless your module or individual project follows Liferay's OSGi standards.
  • In-short, this new framework will give very good flexibility to developer for the development and will increase productivity as well.
  • All application servers supports OSGi modules

Other Benefits I found from OSGi site which is very well explained :


Reduced Complexity - Developing with OSGi technology means developing bundles: the OSGi components. Bundles are modules. They hide their internals from other bundles and communicate through well defined services. Hiding internals means more freedom to change later. This not only reduces the number of bugs, it also makes bundles simpler to develop because correctly sized bundles implement a piece of functionality through well defined interfaces. There is an interesting blog that describes what OSGi technology did for their development process.

Reuse - The OSGi component model makes it very easy to use many third party components in an application. An increasing number of open source projects provide their JARs ready made for OSGi. However, commercial libraries are also becoming available as ready made bundles.

Real World - The OSGi framework is dynamic. It can update bundles on the fly and services can come and go. Developers used to more traditional Java see this as a very problematic feature and fail to see the advantage. However, it turns out that the real world is highly dynamic and having dynamic services that can come and go makes the services a perfect match for many real world scenarios. For example, a service could model a device in the network. If the device is detected, the service is registered. If the device goes away, the service is unregistered. There are a surprising number of real world scenarios that match this dynamic service model. Applications can therefore reuse the powerful primitives of the service registry (register, get, list with an expressive filter language, and waiting for services to appear and disappear) in their own domain. This not only saves writing code, it also provides global visibility, debugging tools, and more functionality than would have implemented for a dedicated solution. Writing code in such a dynamic environment sounds like a nightmare, but fortunately, there are support classes and frameworks that take most, if not all, of the pain out of it.

Easy Deployment - The OSGi technology is not just a standard for components. It also specifies how components are installed and managed. This API has been used by many bundles to provide a management agent. This management agent can be as simple as a command shell, a TR-69 management protocol driver, OMA DM protocol driver, a cloud computing interface for Amazon's EC2, or an IBM Tivoli management system. The standardized management API makes it very easy to integrate OSGi technology in existing and future systems.

Dynamic Updates - The OSGi component model is a dynamic model. Bundles can be installed, started, stopped, updated, and uninstalled without bringing down the whole system. Many Java developers do not believe this can be done reliably and therefore initially do not use this in production. However, after using this in development for some time, most start to realize that it actually works and significantly reduces deployment times.

Adaptive - The OSGi component model is designed from the ground up to allow the mixing and matching of components. This requires that the dependencies of components need to be specified and it requires components to live in an environment where their optional dependencies are not always available. The OSGi service registry is a dynamic registry where bundles can register, get, and listen to services. This dynamic service model allows bundles to find out what capabilities are available on the system and adapt the functionality they can provide. This makes code more flexible and resilient to changes.

Transparency - Bundles and services are first class citizens in the OSGi environment. The management API provides access to the internal state of a bundle as well as how it is connected to other bundles. For example, most frameworks provide a command shell that shows this internal state. Parts of the applications can be stopped to debug a certain problem, or diagnostic bundles can be brought in. Instead of staring at millions of lines of logging output and long reboot times, OSGi applications can often be debugged with a live command shell.

Versioning - OSGi technology solves JAR hell. JAR hell is the problem that library A works with library B;version=2, but library C can only work with B;version=3. In standard Java, you're out of luck. In the OSGi environment, all bundles are carefully versioned and only bundles that can collaborate are wired together in the same class space. This allows both bundle A and C to function with their own library. Though it is not advised to design systems with this versioning issue, it can be a life saver in some cases.

Simple - The OSGi API is surprisingly simple. The core API is only one package and less than 30 classes/interfaces. This core API is sufficient to write bundles, install them, start, stop, update, and uninstall them and includes all listener and security classes. There are very few APIs that provide so much functionality for so little API.

Small - The OSGi Release 4 Framework can be implemented in about a 300KB JAR file. This is a small overhead for the amount of functionality that is added to an application by including OSGi. OSGi therefore runs on a large range of devices: from very small, to small, to mainframes. It only asks for a minimal Java VM to run and adds very little on top of it.

Fast - One of the primary responsibilities of the OSGi framework is loading the classes from bundles. In traditional Java, the JARs are completely visible and placed on a linear list. Searching a class requires searching through this (often very long, 150 is not uncommon) list. In contrast, OSGi pre-wires bundles and knows for each bundle exactly which bundle provides the class. This lack of searching is a significant speed up factor at startup.

Lazy - Lazy in software is good and the OSGi technology has many mechanisms in place to do things only when they are really needed. For example, bundles can be started eagerly, but they can also be configured to only start when other bundles are using them. Services can be registered, but only created when they are used. The specifications have been optimized several times to allow for these kind of lazy scenarios that can save tremendous runtime costs.

Secure - Java has a very powerful fine grained security model at the bottom but it has turned out very hard to configure in practice. The result is that most secure Java applications are running with a binary choice: no security or very limited capabilities. The OSGi security model leverages the fine grained security model but improves the usability (as well as hardening the original model) by having the bundle developer specify the requested security details in an easily audited form while the operator of the environment remains fully in charge. Overall, OSGi likely provides one of the most secure application environments that is still usable short of hardware protected computing platforms.

Non Intrusive - Applications (bundles) in an OSGi environment are left to their own. They can use virtually any facility of the VM without the OSGi restricting them. Best practice in OSGi is to write Plain Old Java Objects and for this reason, there is no special interface required for OSGi services, even a Java String object can act as an OSGi service. This strategy makes application code easier to port to another environment.

Runs Everywhere - Well, that depends. The original goal of Java was to run anywhere. Obviously, it is not possible to run all code everywhere because the capabilities of the Java VMs differ. A VM in a mobile phone will likely not support the same libraries as an IBM mainframe running a banking application. There are two issue to take care of. First, the OSGi APIs should not use classes that are not available on all environments. Second, a bundle should not start if it contains code that is not available in the execution environment. Both of these issues have been taken care of in the OSGi specifications.